Dating the books of the bible
With the exception of extensive manuscripts and fragments found among the Dead Sea scrolls, no Hebrew Bible manuscript predates the 2nd century BCE/BC.The individual books of the New Testament may be dated with some confidence to the 1st and 2nd centuries CE/AD.The authorship of the various texts in Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible) is an open topic of research.Dating the Bible has been debated and these four tables give the most commonly accepted dates or ranges of dates for the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible, the Deuterocanonical books (included in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox bibles, but not in the Hebrew and Protestant bibles) and the New Testament, including—where possible—hypotheses about their formation-history. Table II treats the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible books, grouped according to the divisions of the Hebrew Bible with occasional reference to scholarly divisions. Table IV gives the books of the New Testament, including the earliest preserved fragments for each.As the above passage tells us, Luke carefully investigated “everything from the beginning” in order to create an accurate account.Sir William Ramsey determined that Luke recorded 32 countries, 54 cities, and 9 islands without committing a single error.Not only is there nothing said about the topic, but the concept of dating didn’t even exist in biblical times.Even today in the cultures of the Middle East, dating is a relatively new concept.
The process of meeting a spouse had very little to do with compatibility and personality traits, and everything to do with family lineage and economic status.The proposal that they made up a unified work was first advanced by Martin Noth in 1943, and has been widely accepted.Noth proposed that the entire history was the creation of a single individual working in the exilic period (6th century BCE); since then there has been wide recognition that the history appeared in two "editions", the first in the reign of Judah's King Josiah (late 7th century), the second during the exile (6th century).Unfortunately, Biblical writings do not always contain clear chronological markers, and there is a range of opinion on when Acts was written.
Despite this, we can be fairly confident that it was composed in the early to mid-60s.
The dates of many of the texts of the Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament) are difficult to establish.